In a country where the greedy win and the needy lose in regard to receiving scholarships, I recently rocked myself gently when I rediscovered a report — in a box in my office — that I had gathered from Guyana National Archives in 1999 but, for some reason, did not return to it.This report, labelled “British Guiana Report of the Immigration Agent General for the year 1920”, contains some amazing information about the population of British Guiana in 1920, the year that indentureship was abolished, as well as on an Indian lad named Balgobin Persad. I believe this report deserves an analysis, not only to show what was going on in British Guiana at that time, but also to support my continuous call for compensation for wrongs (denial of land, confiscation of unclaimed remittances and return passages, brutality on and beyond the plantation yards, and so on) meted out to indentured Indians.To contextualize: In 1920, the resumption of immigration from India to British Guiana was still in the future, since deputations of three sound persons were coming to the colony to investigate the conditions and report back to the Government of India. These individuals were: Diwan Bahadur Kesava Pillai, Deputy President of Madras Legislative Council; G.F Keatinge, Director of Agriculture, Bombay; and Venkatesa Narayan Tewary, of the Servants of Indian Society. Meanwhile, about 270 immigrants who had served indenture elsewhere — like in Natal, South Africa — landed in the colony, while 1,782 Indians arrived from India, paying their own passage, and 1,485 departed. Among the latter group or returnees, there were 60 paupers and 50 lepers, revealing the underbelly of the indenture system, which strangely continues to be a closet secret in Guyana. The Indian population in 1920 was 124,546 out of an estimated 300,000 total population of the colony. An estimated half of the Indian population was still residing on the estates, indicating that a majority of these Indians gave up their return passages for a piece of land to stay in British Guiana, but never received land.Put bluntly, they paid for land but never received any. They remained on the former indentured yards, paying for basic housing and other amenities.What also seems interesting to me is the educational status of Indian children, since the perception – real or imagined — was that Indian children did not attend school because (1) they were used to work in fields to bring in supplementary income; (2) Indian girls stayed away from school to learn domestic chores, so that they would be prepared to meet or find suitable Indian husbands through arranged marriages; (3) the school system was too westernized and inconsistent with Indian customs and values; (4) Indians saw no ideal reason to send their children to school in British Guiana, since they had intention of returning to India. Nonetheless, in 1920, of the 8,484 registered Indian children attending schools, 4,144 were in Preparatory; 2,412 in Lower; 1,439 in Middle; and 489 in Upper. Daily attendance was 4,532. This attendance was low, and got invariably lower as the level of education in the colony climbed. My maternal grandmother, who was born at No. 67 Village, Corentyne in British Guiana in 1902, never attended school.Out of this dismal educational reality of Indians, Balagobin Persad caught my attention. His father, Bani Thakur, was an indentured labourer who arrived in British Guiana in 1884 and was indentured to Plantation Enmore as No. 19,459, The Bruce 1884. He was nineteen years old. Thakur eventually became a small shopkeeper at Golden Grove Village, East Coast Demerara. His mother Bifwah (one name given) was born in the colony and was given the No. 462 with a Birth Register 1870, which I think was the year she was born. This means that she was fourteen years older than her husband Thakur, which is an analysis for another column.Balgobin Persad was born on November 19, 1898, and was given the No. 1416 at Plantation Enmore. I am not sure if he ever worked on the plantation. In 1910, at age of twelve, Persad won the Primary School Scholarship and entered the Queen’s College. In 1916, at the age of eighteen, he won the Guiana Scholarship and entered University of Cambridge. I do not have any more information on this young man, but would like to know whatever happened to him, particularly since he was one of those early models of Indian educational success who were born in the lowest end of the plantation system. Unfortunately, his experience has been drowned out by names such as the Luckhoos and the like. I suspect this young man studied at night using an oil-wick bottle lamp, blocking the breeze with one hand and turning the pages with the other. Balgobin Persad’s story forces me to make this conclusion. I am convinced that minor histories have not failed to meet the significance of history, nor have minor histories been buried in the depths of major eventful history. Instead, minor histories are waiting to be discovered and be told. (email@example.com)
17 January 2014 The Saldanha Bay Industrial Development Zone, launched late last year, is already drawing strong international interest, with several lease agreements signed and a surge of global oil and gas companies negotiating joint ventures with South African firms, the Western Cape provincial government said on Thursday. “The Saldanha Bay IDZ Licencing Company has signed six lease agreements with international and South African oil and gas companies,” Western Cape Finance, Economic Development and Tourism Minister Alan Winde said in a statement. “These include firms specialising in oilfield services, oil rig operations, logistics operators, ship repair, engineering and market support.” Final negotiations for lease agreements are taking place between the Licencing Company and two international oilfield service companies and a South African rig repair firm, Winde said. “In some of the most exciting developments, the Licencing Company is in talks with an international consortium to develop a rig module building facility. We are also aware of a R200-million investment by a global oil servicing company which is set to create 300 jobs. Several leading international companies are increasing their staff numbers in their South African companies.” Winde said details on individual companies were bound by non-disclosure agreements and could not be released at this stage.African oil, gas service and supply hub A feasibility study conducted by the Department of Trade and Industry found that Saldanha Bay is strategically located to serve as a service, maintenance, fabrication and supply hub for the booming African oil and gas sector, due to the increasing number of oil rigs requiring maintenance, and their traffic flow passing from the west to the east coast of Africa. In October last year, German company Oiltanking GmbH entered a joint venture with a number of South African companies to build a commercial crude oil storage and blending terminal at the port of Saldanha. The company said that Saldanha was an excellent location for a crude oil hub, “as it is close to strategic tanker routes from key oil-producing regions to major oil-consuming markets”. Ideally situated for the blending of west African and South American crude oils, Saldanha “has the potential to establish itself as a global crude transhipment hub focused on certain established trade routes,” the company added. The Western Cape government has invested R25-million over five years in setting up the industrial development zone (IDZ). “This is the culmination of years of collaboration between all spheres of government and the Saldanha Bay community,” Winde said. “The IDZ has the potential to become one of the most important levers for jobs and economic growth for the Western Cape. Early indications are that it will indeed be a major catalyst for foreign direct investment and increased employment opportunities for our residents in the medium to long term.” SAinfo reporter
Amazon announced this morning that it now has 100,000 movies and television shows available to purchase or rent through its video-on-demand service. Of those, 9,000 are available to stream at no extra charge through its Amazon Prime membership program. Amazon has been busy in recent months, cutting licensing deals with networks and studios, including CBS and NBC Universal, to bolster its streaming content and bring its library up to par with its main competitors, Hulu and Netflix. There are subtle differences between the content libraries of each of the major movie streaming and download services. Hulu (and Hulu Plus) focuses primarily on recent TV shows (such as the most recent seasons of current shows and day-after viewing) though it does have a decent long tail of older shows and movies. Netflix is the prime destination for movies but one of its main strengths is as a library of older content that people still want to watch (with newer content still a problem it needs to work out with the studios and networks). Amazon fits in the middle.Netflix does not make their total number of offerings readily available through its press website. It says two million titles are added to user queues on a daily basis but does not specify if those are DVDs available by mail or via instant streaming. We have contacted Netflix for those specific numbers and will update if the company responds. As of the second quarter this year, Hulu Plus has 28,000 full episodes available for streaming 1,450 movies. It also has 25,000 clips available of shows. Overall, Hulu has near 15,000 hours of content available. One area where Amazon has the advantage over both Hulu and Netflix is the ability to bring newer titles to users. For instance, popular movies such as The Social Network are not available via Hulu or Netflix but can be purchased for download by Amazon for $14.99. As such, its library of newer movies is substantially greater than either Hulu or Netflix, though a hindrance to consumers who want to pay a subscription for streaming titles without having to individually purchase or rent titles. The Social Network is available through Netflix’s DVD by mail service as are almost any title that can be found through Amazon VOD.While 100,000 titles is a good benchmark for Amazon’s VOD service, it is a bit misleading. If you take into account Netflix’s entire library, including DVDs, it still outclasses all comers in the space. Amazon Prime falls well behind Hulu and Netflix with its subscription streaming service with only 9,000 titles, many of which do not fall into the category of new releases. dan rowinski Related Posts Tags:#Amazon#Internet TV#web A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic…
Like they did when they played NLEX and Kiefer Ravena, when they devastated TNT KaTropa on the road, when they nipped Meralco, and when they bamboozled Phoenix Petroleum on opening day.“They have the killer’s instinct and their confidence is very high,” Jarencio said of his foes as the Batang Pier try to climb above .500 for the first time here.“But we have been on a run of our own and the last two practices were very good,” Jarencio said. “It will be tough. But we’re ready for a tough game.”Jarencio is particularly wary of four-time MVP June Mar Fajardo, whom he describes as the “best player in the league,” and expects Kelly Nabong to step up once again and give his GlobalPort a Chinaman’s chance against the Beermen.“Kelly did his share against (Greg) Slaughter (of Barangay Ginebra),” Jarencio said. “And as long as he can do his share on defense against June Mar, we will have a good chance.”ADVERTISEMENT So thin, Jarencio knows, that the tiniest of errors will crack it.“We have no room for mistakes,” Jarencio told the Inquirer over the phone as the Batang Pier try to put the first blemish on the Beermen’s record in the PBA Philippine Cup Wednesday at 7 p.m. at Smart Araneta Coliseum in Cubao.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hosting“We have to be 100 percent in everything we do against them, on offense, in defense,” he went on, even as he raved about how cohesive his team has been in the last two weeks of the conference despite their biggest star, Terrence Romeo, continuing to sit it out. “It has to be total team effort (on our part) and flawless execution.”San Miguel will come into the game with a four-game winning streak and, knowing how the Beermen are when a serious challenge is on the other end of the court, they are expected to respond to any GlobalPort upset plans with great efficiency. PH military to look into China’s possible security threat to power grid Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games MOST READ ‘A complete lie:’ Drilon refutes ‘blabbermouth’ Salo’s claims Jordan delivers on promise: 2 Cobra choppers now in PH Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ View comments Cellar-dwellers Meralco and KIA Picanto tangle at 4:30 p.m. with the Bolts seeking to snap a three-game slide and the Picanto shooting for a second straight win.KIA will come into the game minus Eric Camson, who was fined P30,000 and suspended a game for exchanging blows—and starting the fight—with Rain or Shine’s Raymond Almazan last Friday.Almazan was also canned a game and fined P20,000, the same penalties slapped by officer in charge Willie Marcial on NLEX’s Mike Miranda, who kicked San Miguel’s Chris Ross in the groin in their game over the weekend.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next ‘We cannot afford to fail’ as SEA Games host – Duterte Pido Jarencio admitted that his GlobalPort crew is currently on a hot streak.But he also knows exactly what he and his Batang Pier will be up against, and how thin the ice they will be skating on against powerhouse three-time defending champion San Miguel Beer.ADVERTISEMENT Pacio unfazed by last-minute opponent change SEA Games: PH still winless in netball after loss to Thais BeautyMNL open its first mall pop-up packed with freebies, discounts, and other exclusives Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim
Kyle Porter and Carson Cunningham will be live on Thursday afternoon at 2 p.m. to take questions, talk about Oklahoma State against Pittsburgh, make uniform predictions and talk about whatever else you guys want to talk about.You can watch it live right here or on Facebook. We will make it into a podcast later on this afternoon.Also, leave us questions in the comments section! If you’re looking for the comments section, it has moved to our forum, The Chamber. You can go there to comment and holler about these articles, specifically in these threads. You can register for a free account right here and will need one to comment.If you’re wondering why we decided to do this, we wrote about that here. Thank you and cheers!