Joe Roe This oven was used to make bread—thousands of years before agriculture Alexis Pantos Archaeologists measure the dimensions of a stone hut that once stood at the Shubayqa 1 site in Jordan. Researchers use a technique known as flotation, which uses water to recover minuscule plant remains from soil. Alexis Pantos Archaeologists grind a starchy tuber called club-rush to see whether it works as a bread ingredient. Alexis Pantos By Michael PriceJul. 16, 2018 , 3:00 PM Alexis Pantos Hunter-gatherers from the Natufian culture baked an early form of bread in this 14,000-year-old fireplace in northeastern Jordan. Thousands of years before the advent of agriculture, people were already making bread. That’s the surprising conclusion of a new study based on a curious find in northeastern Jordan.At its most basic, bread is the combination of processed cereal grains and water that have been baked, fried, or steamed. The process leaves behind telltale chemical and structural properties that researchers can use to identify the staple food. And that’s just what archaeologists found when they investigated a 14,000-year-old site known as Shubayqa 1 in Jordan’s Black Desert. The inhabitants, who were hunter-gatherers, left their home in a hurry, with the contents of their most recent meal still smoldering in two sunken fireplaces (one pictured).With the help of a scanning electron microscope, which uses a beam of electrons to return incredibly intricate zoomed-in images, the researchers identified 24 pieces of char that were decidedly breadlike. Though the bread’s exact grain remains unknown, its cellular structure resembles cereal grain species such as wild einkorn, rye, or millet, and it was likely an unleavened, flatbread. 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The discovery suggests knowing how to grow grains isn’t essential to making bread from them, which could help researchers better understand how ancient cultures met their nutritional needs. Jordanian volunteer Ali Shokaiteer (left) and lead author of the study Amaia Arranz-Otaegui (right) take samples from local cereal grains. Hunter-gatherers from the Natufian culture baked an early form of bread in this 14,000-year-old fireplace in northeastern Jordan. Alexis Pantos ‹› Archaeologists measure the dimensions of a stone hut that once stood at the Shubayqa 1 site in Jordan. Alexis Pantos
Watch Serie A live in the UK on Premier Sports for just £11.99 per month including live LaLiga, Eredivisie, Scottish Cup Football and more. Visit: https://subscribe.premiersports.tv/ UEFA have confirmed the seeding for the Euro 2020 draw on November 30, as Italy risk a Group of Death with France and Portugal. Roberto Mancini’s Italy find themselves in Pot 1 after winning all 10 games in Group J, the first time in their history that the Azzurri qualified for a major tournament with a 100% record. There is a nightmare scenario for Italy, in which they could find themselves in a group containing France and Portugal. Pot 1 Belguim, Italy, England, Germany, Spain, Ukraine Pot 2 France, Poland, Switzerland, Croatia, Netherlands, Russia Pot 3 Portugal, Turkey, Denmark, Austria, Sweden, Czech Republic Pot 4 Wales, Finland, Play-off winner A, Play-off winner B, Play-off winner C, Play-off winner D Euro 2020 begins in Rome on June 12.
For once, the excitement is not about cricket, rather some rubber smoking Formula 1 action at India’s own racing track at Buddh International Circuit. The country is all set to host its first Grand Prix. The final touches are being given to the preparations and everyone is eagerly waiting for the race weekend that is being billed as a “car-nival”. The world’s third most watched sporting event after the Olympics and the Football World Cup is finally set to enthral Indians on their own soil. Come October 28 to 30, the 12 teams with their 24 mean machines will sweat it out and burn the rubber on this newly laid track. The venue is all prepared to host the inaugural Indian Grand Prix, from tri-colour stands to one of the best elevation changes. It all looks in good shape. In fact the cars, equipment and cargo have already started arriving. The Buddh International Circuit has a capacity of over 1 lakh. The drivers and the F1 officials will stay at the organisers’ plush property — Jaypee Resort — in Greater Noida. All the hotels in the national capital region are already overbooked and with rooms at a premium, the rates have gone through the roof. Most of the hotels in the luxury and business category in the capital are looking forward to cashing in on an uncharacteristically busy weekend.
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