By WAYNE WITKOWSKI Correspondent The Matawan Regional High School indoor track and field team’s tradition of success in the pole vault continued at the NJSIAA Group II championships on Feb. 13 at the John Bennett Indoor Athletic Complex in Toms River, where Nicole Macco and Matt Isaacson locked up returns to the Meet of Champions (MOC).Macco looks to defend her MOC championship.Macco and Isaacson led a brigade of five girls and eight boys from Matawan who advanced to the MOC at the same facility on Feb. 21, and they led their squads in the team standings. The girls won the team title with 34 points — two more than Deptford High School — and the boys accumulated 38 points to finish second to River Dell Regional High School, which had 42.Sophomore Sam Anderson was a big reason for the girls’ strong finish by winning the 800 meters (2:17.05), finishing second in the 400 (57.47) and running on the thirdplace 4×400 relay (4:09.82).The boys 4×400 relay also advanced, finishing second (3:27.65), while Matt Natoli in the 800 meters (2:00.25) and Nate Bowie in the 55 hurdles (7.81) each placed third. Donald Smalls (49-10¾) and Christian Eschert (47-11¼) finished fourth and fifth, respectively, in the shot put, while Tom Kalieta was fifth in the 400 (51.72).The top six finishers qualified for the MOC.Macco has the rare distinction of reaching the MOC all four years in high school and of being the first Matawan athlete to win her event in back-to-back MOCs. She advanced with a jump of 11-6 on her first attempt, which matched her winning height at the MOC last year and her winning height at the Central Jersey championships the previous week. She reached a personal best of 12-0 in a meet last year.As a sophomore, Macco matched the high mark for the day of 11-6 at the MOC but finished third based on misses.During her freshman year, she helped the girls to their previous group title. This winter, Macco made an impressive comeback from a foot injury suffered while landing from a vault at the Huskies Invitational in Matawan last spring.“There are still a lot of things I need to improve. It’s hard to jump in the winter,” said Macco, who also trains at the Vertical Assault facility in Bath, Pa. “I like being seeded high for this meet and have the confidence I need to go into this meet. I love the competition.”Sam Turner, who coaches both indoor teams, said the pole vault “has been a great tradition in the 30 years I’ve been here. It’s a credit to the kids and the program.“And I’m very proud of the kids and what they’ve done. The consistency of Nicole has been amazing for four years. There’s a lot of pressure on that foot and [coming back from her injury] has been very tough on her mentally and physically. At this stage, it’s the elite of the elite for all of them, where they have a chance to show what they’ve got. I know our kids won’t let us down.” With Anderson reaching the MOC in her first two years of high school, Turner has no doubt that she will reach it all four years of her indoor career if she stays healthy. She medaled in the 400 as a freshman last year, finishing sixth in 57.35. Although Anderson qualified for the two middle distance events, she likely will compete in only the 400 again.“She’s a wonderful girl with a great family and great academics,” Turner said.On his first attempt, Isaacson matched his 14-0 mark from the sectionals that he won a week earlier to lead the field at the group meet. He’ll look to surpass last year’s showing in the MOC, where he also reached 14-0 and finished in eighth place.“I’m very excited. There’s not as much competition. I’m thinking 14-6 wins it,” said Isaacson, who reached that in an earlier meet and is shooting for the school record of 15- 0 set four years ago by John Bartlett. Isaacson switched to a larger, heavier pole two weeks ago. “I’m ready to go. I’ll practice one day at Bennett this week. Even though I have the experience from last year, I’ll still be a little nervous. So many things have to be right. The run [to the bar] is huge and the plant — they’re the biggest part.”“Isaacson has a real shot. He has to reach 14-6 to win,” Turner said.Macco said the swing up is the most important element in her jump.And both vaulters support each other in the big meets and share pointers and advice.“He talks to me a lot about it,” Macco said of Isaacson. “It’s just like muscle memory. If I overthink it, it won’t work out.”Isaacson agreed.“In the past couple of years, we’ve had pretty solid jumpers with four guys on our team clearing 12-6 last year. But this year, it’s just the two of us,” Isaacson said. “We coach each other every day, along with our coaches, and she’s the person I go to when I miss because she knows what it’s about out there. She helps me out a lot.”Isaacson, who also played midfield on the boys soccer team that had its strongest season in many years at 12-6, will concentrate on the pole vault in college. He is considering Richard Stockton College, West Chester University and Rutgers University.Anderson finished comfortably ahead of second-place finisher Kayla Martin (2:18.50) of Seneca High School in the 800. Anderson was .06 behind Deptford High School’s Kiara Lester in the 400. Lester also won the 55 dash (7.21). Anderson was joined on the 4×400 relay by Danielle Cross, Yasmin Ali and Danielle Veliz.Natoli and Kalieta were joined by Greg Edwards and Shawn Ramcheran in the boys 4×400 relay.Smalls, who finished a spot ahead of Eschert at the group meet, threw the winning mark of 51-6¾ in the sectional meet.Macco, Isaacson, Anderson and Smalls, as well as both 4×400 relays and the boys formidable 4×200 relay, will compete at the Eastern States on March 3 at the 168th Street Armory in New York City.
International Women’s Day, celebrated today, pays homage to the social, economic, cultural and political achievement of women. Indeed progress has slowed in many places across the world, and this is the primary reason that organisations the world over are calling for global action to accelerate gender parity. In 2016, leaders across the world had pledged to take action for gender parity – not only for International Women’s Day, but for every woman. The 2017 theme for International Women’s Day is “Women in the Changing World of Work : Planet 50-50 by 2030”.The United Nations has recognised that the world of work is changing, with significant implications for women. On one hand, technological advances and globalisation bring unprecedented opportunities for those who can access them. On the other hand, there is growing informality of labour, income inequality and humanitarian crises.Against this backdrop, only 50 per cent of working age women are represented in the labour force globally, compared to 76 per cent of men. What’s more, an overwhelming majority of women are in the informal economy, subsidising care and domestic work, and concentrated in lower-paid, lower-skill occupations with little or no social protection. Achieving gender equality in the world of work is imperative for sustainable development.The United Nations’ observance today, March 8, will call upon all actors to Step It Up for Gender Equality towards a Planet 50-50 by 2030 by ensuring that the world of work works for all women.In his message, the UN Secretary General António Guterres pointed out that women’s rights are human rights. However, he emphasised that in these troubled times, as our world becomes more unpredictable and chaotic, the rights of women and girls are being reduced, restricted and reversed. Empowering women and girls, the Secretary General noted is the only way to protect their rights and make sure they can realise their full potential.UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka said across the world, too many women and girls spend too many hours on household responsibilities—typically more than double the time spent by men and boys. They look after younger siblings, older family members, deal with illness in the family and manage the house. In many cases, this unequal division of labour is at the expense of women’s and girls’ learning, of paid work, sports, or engagement in civic or community leadership. This shapes the norms of relative disadvantage and advantage, of where women and men are positioned in the economy, of what they are skilled to do and where they will work.This, she emphasised, is the unchanging world of unrewarded work, a globally familiar scene of withered futures, where girls and their mothers sustain the family with free labour, with lives whose trajectories are very different from the men of the household.We want to construct a different world of work for women. As they grow up, girls must be exposed to a broad range of careers, and encouraged to make choices that lead beyond the traditional service and care options to jobs in industry, art, public service, modern agriculture and science.We have to start change at home and in the earliest days of school, so that there are no places in a child’s environment where they learn that girls must be less, have less, and dream smaller than boys.This will take adjustments in parenting, curricula, educational settings, and channels for everyday stereotypes like TV, advertising and entertainment; it will take determined steps to protect young girls from harmful cultural practices like early marriage, and from all forms of violence.
In light of recent revised estimates of recoverable oil reserves offshore Guyana by ExxonMobil, it is time to revisit the feasibility of an oil refinery. The Government of Guyana had contracted an international consultant to conduct a feasibility study of an oil refinery in Guyana. That presentation concluded that an oil refinery (a conventional refinery) would not be feasible in Guyana against the backdrop of the capital investment it would require, which was estimated at some US$5 billion.Indeed, Guyana cannot afford such an investment, even if the capital were to be mobilised through a public/private partnership; because US$5 billion is greater than Guyana’s GDP, which is merely close to US$4 billion, and real GDP is about US$2 billion.However, there are refineries that are far less costly to build, which are known as “modular refineries”. These refineries are usually capable of producing between 5,000 and 30,000 barrels of crude per day. These types of refineries have also experienced a trend in growing demand, largely driven by government initiatives in countries such as Nigeria and Indonesia for example, to add local refining capacity to offset continued growth of importing finished products for growing consumer demand (UOP, 2017).The advantages of the modular refineries include: lower investment costs; being sized for lower local demand; modular fabrication offsite for higher quality, shorter schedule; and possibility for future relocation. The disadvantage in comparison to the traditional larger refineries is that traditional refineries have improved economies of scale, can produce a wider variety of refined products, can be integrated into petrochemical operations, and offer more flexibility (UOP, 2017).In order to determine the viability of a modular refinery with a production capacity of 30,000 bpd, it is prudent to first establish what is the current demand or consumption of refined crude oil products, particularly fuel. To do so, data is readily available on the Guyana Energy Agency website, as illustrated in the table below:Given the above data for 2014, total imports of refined crude products, inclusive of C.I.F (cost, insurance and freight) values, amounted to US$561.6 million; and in terms of quantity, is close to five million barrels. So we can safely say Guyana’s average annual consumption is about five million barrels of crude annually, which works out to 13,700 barrels of crude per day.Therefore, a modular refinery with production capacity of 30,000 barrels per day would be able to satisfy Guyana’s local consumption needs of refined crude products, which would also save a hefty import bill of in excess of US$500 million annually, and the excess production can easily be exported to other CARICOM countries.In fact, this is more reason why Guyana should start considering a modular refinery, given that Petrotrin in Trinidad & Tobago was recently closed down, which thus prompted CARICOM countries to have to secure new suppliers of fuel. This is therefore a strategic opportunity that Guyana, becoming the next oil producing country in the region, should position itself to advance these avenues and maximise profit.
However, while Moyes accepted Januzaj’s yellow card was justified, he was more concerned that referee Michael Jones only handed out a booking to West Ham defender George McCartney following a horrendous stamp on the ankle of Javier Hernandez late in the contest.“He (Jones) saw a bit of simulation in another one, but didn’t see that,” said Moyes.“I think Adnan was expecting a challenge from (James) Collins, but if you look at the last two games, the amount of tackles he has had to take, he has taken more tackles than any other player.“So we’ll talk to him about it, but you (journalists) might be picking on the wrong person today.“I said last week there were a lot of people having a kick at him, because he’s very difficult to mark, he’s elusive the way he moves, it can bring defenders into tackles.“But it’s the referees who have to call it right and I just hope he doesn’t get a bad one before they get it right.”Danny Welbeck and substitute Ashley Young were also on the mark for United before West Ham pulled back a consolation goal through substitute Carlton Cole.The game witnessed Welbeck’s first goal at Old Trafford in 14 months and saw United’s recent improved form continue. They have now won four games in 11 days across three competitions, with only one goal conceded.It also ended a run of two consecutive home league defeats for the champions and Moyes said: “We’ve had a couple of really good victories since then and today (Saturday) was another good win, so I’m really pleased with that.“I’m pleased for the players. I think they’ve earned it and played well, and on another day we might have scored more and probably should have. I’m really pleased in how they’re performing.“The rhythm in attack is beginning to get better, we’re beginning to create more chances. The first goal was great combination between Wayne (Rooney) and Danny and it was good for Danny to get himself a goal.“It keeps his goals going. We want him to become a goalscorer as well as a good player and it was good he got that finish.”Welbeck, scorer of the opening goal, came off with a knee complaint, which is a concern for Moyes given the absence for the next three weeks of Robin van Persie with a thigh injury.The England forward will undergo tests this week to assess the damage.Meanwhile, West Ham manager Sam Allardyce conceded that injuries and basic mistakes have left his team embroiled in a long, hard relegation campaign.“We’re not in a very good position in the league,” he said.“We’re obviously all concerned about that, the owners included. It’s a difficult task — 14 points after 17 games — and it’s going to be one of those long hauls in terms of getting us out of that position.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000MANCHESTER, December 22 – Manchester United manager David Moyes has defended young winger Adnan Januzaj against allegations that he could be developing an unwanted reputation for diving.The 18-year-old was booked for simulation in the first half of United’s breezy 3-1 win over West Ham United on Saturday after going down in the general vicinity of James Collins, but also scored a superb goal and might have earned a penalty.
The others include Andre Onana (Ajax Amsterdam), Guy N’dy Assembe (Nancy), Maxime Poundje (Girondins Bordeaux), Andre-Frank Zambo Anguissa (Olympique Marseille) and Ibrahim Amadou (Lille).Matip and Nyom have avoided a ban from club football by not being selected in the squad.“It’s not an easy decision but I want to concentrate on Liverpool. I want to be here,” Matip said last month of his decision not to represent his country at Afcon.“I want to focus on Liverpool and that’s what I had to decide. I think I took the right decision.”Cameroon, who are coached by Belgian Hugo Broos, have been drawn in Group A with hosts Gabon, Burkina Faso and Guinea-Bissau.Full Cameroon squad:Ondoa, Goda, Mbokwe, Mabouka, Nkoulou, Oyongo, Djeitei, Collins, Ngadeu Ngadjui, Teikeu, Ngwem, Siani, Mandjeck, Djoum, Boya, Aboubakar, Moukandjo, Zoua, Salli, Toko-Ekambi, Njie, Ndip Tambe, Bassogog.-By Kwese Sport-0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Matip and Nyom have avoided a ban from club football by not being selected in the squad.PHOTO/ Kwese SportYAOUNDE, Cameroon, Jan 5 – Liverpool defender Joel Matip and West Brom’s Allan Nyom have not been named in Cameroon’s 23-man Africa Cup of Nations squad.The Premier League duo are among seven players to have made themselves unavailable for the tournament that runs from 14 January to 5 February.
The final fallout from a disastrous opening weekend for Michigan came Tuesday, when the Wolverines dropped all the way out of The Associated Press Top 25, an unprecedented fall from No. 5 to unranked. Since the AP poll expanded to 25 teams in 1989, no team has taken a bigger tumble in one week. After an opening college football weekend filled with blowouts and highlighted by Appalachian State’s stunning 34-32 upset of Michigan at the Big House, there was little notable movement in the Top 25 other than the Wolverines. USC was voted No. 1 by the media panel, but the Trojans lost some support. USC received 62 first-place votes in the preseason poll. A lackluster 38-10 victory over Idaho led to the Trojans dropping to 59 first-place votes. No. 2 LSU picked up those first-place votes, receiving five. No. 3 West Virginia received one first-place vote, the same as it did in the preseason. No. 4 Florida and No. 5 Wisconsin moved up two spots. Oklahoma, tied for fifth, moved up three spots. No. 7 Texas fell three spots after slogging through a 21-13 home victory over Arkansas State. No. 9 Virginia Tech held its place and plays at LSU on Saturday. No. 10 California moved up two spots after a 45-31 victory over Tennessee. The Vols dropped eight spots to No. 23. UCLA moved up to No. 13 after its victory at Stanford. Florida State also fell out of the rankings. The Seminoles were 19th heading into their season opener at Clemson and lost, 24-18, in the Bowden Bowl. Clemson moved into the rankings at No. 25 and Georgia Tech also moved into the Top 25. The Yellow Jackets were 21st after winning at Notre Dame, 33-3. As for Michigan, the Wolverines became the first ranked team from Division I-A, now known as the Bowl Subdivision, to lose to a team from I-AA, now known as the Championship Subdivision. “It hurts because you don’t like losing,” Michigan linebacker Chris Graham said Monday. “But how far can you hold your head down? I’m not holding my head down at all. You’ve got to move forward.” Michigan received 39 points from the media voters in the Top 25, including a 16th-place vote by Wayne Phillips from The Greenville (Tenn.) Sun. “I still think Michigan has a good football team,” he said. “I think they’re worthy of being ranked. They may prove me wrong.” Phillips said he gave Michigan some leeway because he’s very familiar with Appalachian State, the two-time defending I-AA champions. “They’re a pretty darn good football team,” he said. “If Michigan had lost to some of the other patsies some of the big teams played, I could see dropping them out.” Appalachian State is not eligible for the AP Top 25, which only ranks Bowl Subdivision teams. The Wolverines host Oregon on Saturday. Before Michigan’s fall, Notre Dame held the ignominious record for largest drop in the rankings in the Top 25-era. The Fighting Irish dropped 16 spots – from No. 9 to No. 25 – after losing to Northwestern, 17-15, on Sept. 3, 1995. Texas dropped 15 spots in 1997, going from ninth to 24th after a 66-3 loss to UCLA in September 1997. Louisville also fell 15 spots – 11th to unranked – in September 2005 after losing to South Florida. The highest ranked team to fall from the poll after one loss was No. 2 Oklahoma in 1959, when the AP was ranking the top 20 teams. Later that season, Army went from No. 4 to unranked. In 1950, Tennessee went from No. 4 to unranked in October and in 1960 Illinois fall out of the ranking from No. 4. In the latest poll, No. 11 Georgia moved up two spots and was followed by Ohio State, UCLA, Penn State and Rutgers. No. 16 Nebraska jumped four places. Auburn is 17th and Arkansas, TCU and Hawaii round out the first 20. The final five are Georgia Tech, Boise State, Texas A&M, Tennessee and Clemson.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! COLLEGE FOOTBALL: Wolverines plunge from No.5 to unranked, a first for top-25 drops. By Ralph D. Russo THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Thud!
12 July 2010The 2010 Fifa World Cup concluded in fine style on Sunday, with the Spanish national side raising the coveted trophy as champions for the first time. As the curtain fell on the historic event, fans reflected on what made the tournament so special for them.Clad in their national colours, Spanish fans celebrated as they left Soccer City stadium for the last time, as victors of the 2010 FIFA World Cup.With tears of joy in his eyes and his hand on his heart, Juan Toral stood with the profile of the stadium behind him, amazed that out of the 64 games, 32 teams and many weeks of football, his team would return home as world champions. “I never thought I would live to see this day,” said Toral. “Tonight we showed the world we are the best, this is a dream come true. Thank you to the people of South Africa.”“It is an amazing day,” said Carlos Cuadrado. “We as the fans of Spain will remember this day and this tournament forever. South Africa will always be special for us, the country will always be in our hearts and minds.”Results aside, many visiting fans have travelled to South Africa for the first time and will return home with fond memories of the hospitable nature of the country.“South Africans have welcomed us all over,” said Spaniard Raul Rodriguez. “It is an incredible country. The atmosphere is fantastic, the landscape is beautiful and people are really friendly. South Africa is on the right path to become a greater country.“I have been very impressed with the support for my team,” Rodriguez added. “I have never seen so many Spanish flags outside of my own country.”For Luiz Goncalves, a Brazilian fan, the hosting of a successful tournament in South Africa has changed his perceptions of the continent. “This is the way a World Cup should be,” Goncalves said. “It has been amazing here, and we hope Brazil can do the same as South Africa and host a great World Cup. I’ve told all my friends back in Brazil that Africa is living la vida loca.”Many fans returning home will offer a different perspective of the host country. “It is not like I read about before coming here,” said Chantal Schinkels, a Dutch fan who has flown to South Africa and followed her team over the last three weeks. “This tournament has changed the view around Africa and South Africa. People have enjoyed it around the world, and I have heard only positive news in the press. This is something I will tell my grandchildren about.”The Fifa World Cup is the pinnacle of international football and as such the tournament offers fans the unique experience of seeing so many stars performing at the highest level.“This final marks our twentieth game in the tournament and I have loved the football,” said local resident Dicky Naiker. “To see players such as Torres and Drogba playing here in South Africa makes us proud. Them coming here, to our country, is mind blowing. I hope the World Cup comes back in my lifetime.”For Zimbabwean national Aaron Chinhara, the World Cup has renewed his love for Africa. “Today I am proud to be African. Throughout this tournament we have seen people from all races, tribes, creeds mingling together nicely. This is a step ahead. We are no longer the continent of disease and poverty, but the continent of joy, happiness and good.”Source: 2010 Fifa World Cup South Africa Organising Committee
5 May 2011 President Jacob Zuma gave the promotion of South Africa’s burgeoning tourism industry a boost by signing “The Golden Book”, a campaign by global tourism pacesetters, on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum on Africa in Cape Town on Wednesday. Zuma became the first African head of state to make an entry in the book, which is a joint initiative by the UN World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) and the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) to position travel and tourism higher in the global agenda. The campaign seeks to mobilise recognition and support for travel and tourism from world leaders by demonstrating its crucial role in economic growth, job creation and development. “We take tourism very seriously in this country, given its job creation potential,” Zuma said. “That is why we have identified tourism as one of the six job drivers in our New Growth Path framework. “Tourism’s contribution to the GDP of our economy has increased from just less than five percent in 1994 to an estimated 7.7 percent in 2010.” Zuma said the country’s tourism sector was well placed to address unemployment “given its labour-intensive nature.” The President said tourism jobs were not only created in the travel and tourism industry, but also in the manufacturing, financial services, agriculture, healthcare and others areas of the economy. South Africa aims to increase the number of foreign arrivals from 7-million in 2009 to 15-million by 2020. “We plan to increase tourism’s total contribution to the economy from R189-billion in 2009 to R499-billion by 2020,” Zuma said. “Most importantly, we want to create 325 000 new tourism jobs by 2020. We will do everything possible to promote and grow the tourism sector so that we can achieve these developmental goals.” Among those who attended the signing ceremony were WTTC President David Scowsill, UNWTO ethics committee president Dawid de Villiers, and Tourism Minister Marthinus van Schalkwyk. The signing took place on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum on Africa conference being held at the Cape Town International Convention Centre. Source: BuaNews
9 April 2013The latest attempt to counter the thriving crime of rhino poaching in South Africa comes in the form of a poisonous substance with which a game reserve is now treating its rhinos’ horns.Consumers of the “poisoned” rhino horn, generally found in Asia, risk becoming seriously ill from ingestion as it is contaminated with a non-lethal chemical package.Private game reserve Sabi Sand Wildtuin, at the southern end of the Kruger Park, is tired of watching an entire species vanish before its eyes.The reserve has resorted to taking matters into its own hands by injecting ectoparasiticides into the horns of 100 of its rhinos.Ectoparasiticides are not intended for consumption by humans; they are generally used for the control of ticks and parasites in animals. An ectoparasiticide is an antiparasitic drug used in the treatment of ectoparasitic infestations. It kills the parasites that live on the body surface.Toxic side-effectsAlthough not lethal in small quantities, they are toxic and symptoms of accidental ingestion may include severe nausea, vomiting and convulsions, among other side effects.Because of these side-effects, the treated rhino and their horns must be visibly identifiable, to avoid ingestion of treated horns by humans.Andrew Parker, the chief executive of Sabi Sand Wildtuin Association, says the reserve is leading this programme because it is located at the epicentre of the problem, at the southern end of South Africa’s Kruger National Park, where up to 70% of rhino killings occur.In addition to making whoever consumes the rhino horn very ill, the ectoparasiticides are accompanied by a pink dye that can be detected by airport scanners.“We realised that the treatment of the horns, along with an indelible dye, would go a long way towards helping us achieve our goal of protecting all rhinos in South Africa from poaching,” says Lorinda Hern of the Rhino Rescue Project.The dye is visible on an X-ray scanner even when ground to a fine powder. Airport security checkpoints are almost certain to pick up the presence of this dye in a treated horn regardless of whether the horn is intact or in powder form.“Testing is ongoing and comprehensive, to ensure that the animals have in no way been harmed by the administration of the treatment and, based on the research, it is believed that the treatment should remain effective for approximately three to four years, after which re-administration would be required,” says Hern.Diminishing the lucrative tradeThere is no doubt a solution to rhino poaching needs to be found. The number of rhinos lost to poaching in South Africa exceeded 300 in 2010 and over 400 in 2011.This week, the government said 203 rhinos had been killed by poachers so far this year, including 145 in Kruger Park.Rhino horn on the black market is worth an estimated R600 000 (US$66 000) a kilo for mature horns, which average four to 4.5kgs in weight when they are sawn or hacked off close to the animal’s skull.The poachers themselves receive a fraction of the R2.4-million to R2.7-million ($264 000 to $300 000) value of each horn from the syndicates that plan the raids and export the material.Logically, a permanent solution to poaching is to eliminate the demand for rhino horn altogether. Education will go a long way to teaching consumers that rhino horn contains no nutritional or medicinal value, however, education will not produce an immediate result – and results are needed urgently.The Sabi Sand game reserve hopes that these two tactics, implemented for the first time in South Africa, will put a dent in the lucrative rhino horn trade.“The media in South Africa and globally maintain a close watch on the shrinking herds of our rhino,” Parker says. “The same platform can expose exactly what the poachers are up against from now on.“They have had an easy ride so far, running a vast and brutal, hugely profitable trade under the noses of government authorities between here and Asia. Now we are forcing them to answer to their consumers about what they are passing off as medicine,” he adds.Sabi Sand has launched a widespread media campaign and posted signs on its fences to make poachers aware that its rhinos’ horns have been poisoned.First published by MediaClubSouthAfrica.com – get free high-resolution photos and professional feature articles from Brand South Africa’s media service.
The equipment to set-up the cinema is portable and can be taken anywhere. (Image: The Sunshine Cinema)Using solar energy for power, the Sunshine Cinema screens short films of uplifting and useful content, targeting youth and rural communities, to promote self-empowerment by sharing practical ways to improve life.Sunshine Cinema produces a range of “how to” videos and facilitates workshops, as well as makes narrative-based short films that address social issues.Sydelle Willow Smith, the co-founder of Sunshine Cinema, told Redbull Amaphiko, “a collaborative platform for social entrepreneurs who want to change their corner of the world”: “We’re a collaboration between the skills development collective, The Shift, and the documentary filmmakers, Makhulu.”The group chose to use solar power, she said, because as filmmakers and design innovators they had worked in a variety of environments where electricity was not prevalent, and because renewable is sustainable. “We use solar power because we’re passionate about sustainable forms of energy.”RURAL AND DISENFRANCHISED BENEFITThe filmmakers decided to take their productions to the rural and disenfranchised people who were marginalised and did not get the opportunity to view their work.“As filmmakers from privileged backgrounds,” Smith said, “we felt we were often making films in areas where the people we were filming wouldn’t get a chance to see the work. This was problematic so we wanted to find ways to bring films to communities across the digital divide.“We screen community-tailored documentary content in the hope of promoting skills development, dialogues and enabling communities to become their own ‘engines of development.’”The screenings differ but in general they start with warm-up games to connect with the audience, before the viewers are shown the solar-powered cinema kit. “We then screen a selection of short films, including documentaries and our DIY tutorial clips for the day.”RECEPTION OF FILMSAnd the movies are well-received. “[The reception is] fantastic, everyone loves a cinema,” said Smith. “In the last two years we’ve visited diverse communities, youth, farmworkers and rural women’s groups, and all have responded well. We ran a record-breaking crowd-funding campaign on Thundafund and we’ve been featured on local and international media platforms.”Smith singles out the screening workshop in the township of Langa, in Cape Town. “One of the most impactful screening workshops we’ve hosted was in Langa, where we showed a video on how to make seats out of discarded tyres. It was a fantastic experience.“After our tyre seat workshop we screened a local animation film called Khumba. This meant the kids could roll their seats into the makeshift cinema we had created and watch their favourite cartoon.”CHALLENGES AND PLANS FOR THE FUTURESunshine Cinema started as a worthy idea but snowballed into a demanding start-up enterprise, according to Smith.“This rapid growth for Sunshine Cinema has been driven by a small team, which we would love to grow so that we can scale our impact too. Accessing early stage funding is never easy, and most of Sunshine Cinema’s development to date has been funded by the founding partners.”The Sunshine Cinema team will be going on a roadshow in August. “We’re partnering with other organisations to test the reception of the cinema beyond South Africa’s borders. We’ll be travelling from Cape Town to Kenya conducting research about our approach. We’re also working on making our content easily accessible to a wider audience.”