Time to act: Understanding dyslexia, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia

first_imgVermont Business Magazine Last October, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Michael Yudin, sent a letter to states reminding them to use the terms “dyslexia”, “dysgraphia”, and “dyscalculia” in Individualized Education Programs and in evaluations determining a student’s eligibility for special education services. Since then, talk has been more frequent in regards to how these diagnoses can benefit the development of programs to support students with learning disabilities. Before Yudin released the letter, many states and schools did not openly acknowledge an identified diagnosis of dyslexia. The National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) provided guidance to the Office of Special Education Programs and found that the same was true of dysgraphia and dyscalculia. The tireless work by the NCLD, Decoding Dyslexia, and many other organizations across the country has successfully brought this issue center stage, where it should be. In Vermont, people are taking action, where organizations such as the Stern Center for Language and Learning are preparing to launch a three-part symposium series on January 29th to further clarify the complexities of these terms and identify best practices in classrooms. Janna Osman, Vice President for Programs at the Stern Center for Language and Learning stated, “We have an opportunity to work with educators, psychologists, educational leaders, and others on how to develop a common understanding of “dyslexia”, “dyscalculia” and “dygraphia”. The goal is to develop a deeper understanding of what students with learning disabilities need to be successful. This is an idea we have always been dedicated to, which is why we provide grants through our Cynthia K. Hoehl Institute for Excellence to assist educators the best we can.” Out of the 6.4 million students who receive special education, 2.5 million (35%) are diagnosed with a specific learning disability, resulting in the largest disability population in the United States. Specific learning disabilities impact reading, writing, speaking, and listening, as well as mathematical calculations and reasoning.  It is important that educators have as much information as possible about these conditions and are provided with research-proven strategies in order for these students to access an appropriate education. Now is the time to take action and learn more about how to best support these students as they pursue their academic paths.last_img read more

Microneedle flu vaccine patch passes phase 1 trial

first_imgThe future of the flu vaccine may be in an adhesive strip no bigger than a Band-Aid, according to the results of a phase 1 clinical trial on a dissolvable microneedle patch conducted at Emory University and published yesterday in The Lancet.Microneedle patches, small adhesives the thickness of paper studded with 100 short, thin needles, have been an underused avenue for delivering vaccines, said Nadine Rouphael, MD, associate professor of medicine at Emory and the lead author on the study, in an interview.”They are more likely to be used in cosmetics. There has only been one prior study on their use for human vaccines, but it had no control group,” she said. “This is the first time a single, disposable application that can be self-applied has been tested.”The results were promising: The microneedle patch, worn for 20 minutes on the wrist, elicited a robust immune response in study participants. Moreover, 70% of the participants who used the patch (33 of 47) said they preferred it to the injected flu vaccine.”It was exciting to see their enthusiasm for the patch,” Rouphael said. “It’s painless.” (Forty-eight of 50 volunteers, or 96%, rated it pain-free.)To conduct the study, the researchers divided 100 adult volunteers into four groups; one got a traditional flu shot, one group received a placebo patch, another had the patch administered by a healthcare worker, and the final group applied the patch themselves. Twenty-eight days after the study, the geometric antibody mean titers were similar in all but the placebo group.No refrigeration, easy disposalThe microneedle patch tested is stable for at least 1 year at 40°C (104°F), and the water-soluble needles dissolve, which means it generates little to no waste (the sticky part is discarded like a bandage).Microneedle patches could also be manufactured at a similar rate to injected influenza vaccine, based on annual predictions of seasonal flu virus strains. The manufacturing cost of the patch would be competitive to prefilled syringes, the authors say.”It’s so easy to use, it could even be mailed to people,” said Rouphael. “It’s a simple technology, and it’s cost-effective.”The National Institutes of Health funded the study, but Rouphael said it would be a few years before the patch could be manufactured. First, the patch needs to be tested on a larger group of adults. An upcoming study at Emory will test how well a pediatric group tolerates an inactive microneedle patch, and determine where the patch is best applied on children.And, of course, the patch needs to demonstrate effectiveness in preventing influenza, not just in producing a strong immune response.A commentary published alongside the study emphasized that many people avoid the influenza vaccine because of a fear of injections. More important, however, the ease of use and low cost to make the microneedle patch an attractive option for low-resource countries looking to integrate flu vaccine into national vaccination programs.”Microneedle patches have the potential to become ideal candidates for vaccination programmes, not only in poorly resourced settings, but also for individuals who currently prefer not to get vaccinated, potentially even being an attractive vaccine for the paediatric population, provided late-stage clinical development confirms vaccine efficacy,” concluded Katja Hoschler, PhD, and Maria C. Zambon, PhD, scientists with the National Infections Service of Public Health England.See also:Jun 27 Lancet studyJun 27 Lancet commentarylast_img read more

Posts From The Road: Fish Creek Falls

first_imgFish Creek: Farther down stream from the water fall Fish Creek levels out somewhat as it flows toward town and eventually flows into the Yampa River. Photo by Gary Warren/ladailypost.com By GARY WARRENPhotographerFormerly of Los AlamosWhen visiting Steamboat Springs, Colo., it is easy to be drawn to the many downtown activities, shops, and restaurants. In the winter, life centers around skiing and snow boarding in this mountain town.However, Steamboat Springs  is also known for its natural beauty. There are miles of trails for hiking and biking and the Yampa River running just a block off of the main street through town offers fishing and other water activities.Fish Creek Falls less than five miles from downtown up a paved road and is perhaps the most popular hike in town. We have visited the area several times but had never taken time to view the falls until a recent visit. There are two falls, a lower falls and upper falls. On this visit, we chose to view the lower falls and we were not disappointed. The ideal time to view a water fall in this part of the country would be early summer shortly after the snow melts but Fish Creek Falls flows year-round.Editor’s note: Longtime Los Alamos photographer Gary Warren and his wife Marilyn are traveling around the country and he shares his photographs, which appear in the ‘Posts from the Road’ series published in the Sunday edition of the Los Alamos Daily Post. Fish Creek Falls: This view of the 280 foot Fish Creek Falls in Colorado is one of several viewpoints across the canyon. Water from several mountain lakes in the Rabbit Ears Range flow into Fish Creek. Photo by Gary Warren/ladailypost.com River and Falls: From river level looking up towards the water falls visitors get a different view and perspective of the falls. The river also reveals thousands of rocks and boulders, which have traveled through the creek carried by the rushing waters. Photo by Gary Warren/ladailypost.com Downstream: A view of the river looking downstream still shows the fast flowing river waters over rocks and boulders but this view is more calming than seeing the water rushing at you. Photo by Gary Warren/ladailypost.comlast_img read more

Investors splash out £550m on retail sheds

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Interview: CBRE head of residential Lisa Hollands

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Retail agency team of the year: Jones Lang LaSalle

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Dansensor – MAP Check 3 Pressure analyzer

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ABS awards AIP for Brevik’s LNG containment system

first_imgImages: Brevik Technology ABS, a provider of maritime shipping and offshore classification services, has granted approval in principle to a new gas containment system concept designed in Norway by Brevik Technology.The containment system uses a series of independent, cylindrical IMO Type-B tanks and for the AIP was designed for application in a gas carrier of 30,000 cbm, the classification society said in a statement.In granting the AIP, ABS assessed the concept against the requirements of the International Gas Code, ABS Rules and the ABS Guide for Liquefied Gas Carriers with Independent Tanks. Since the tank design is a novel concept, a HAZID study was also performed.The AIP marks the initial approval for the tank concept and could be followed by a general design approval upon completion of a vessel’s detailed design. Final approval would involve a vessel-specific shipbuilding project, ABS said.The tank design was created by Brevik Technology, a VARD affiliate company, with the intention of lowering the cost of construction for LNG and LPG carriers while providing a solution for the small-scale transport of gas.“In creating the design, it was emphasized that no thermal induced forces were transferred from the ship to the tank and vice versa due to temperature variations,” says Øystein Kristoffersen Sæther, Managing Director, Vard Engineering Brevik. “The use of a cylindrical tank also means that the potential for damage from sloshing is low.”Brevik is in discussions with shipowners and yards for a vessel design concept including the Type B tank, which it estimates could be between 15 to 20 percent less expensive to construct than a membrane containment system for a ship of this size.last_img read more

Wonders & blunders with Marcus Lee

first_imgTo continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Subscribe now for unlimited access Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our communitylast_img read more

Offshore wind schemes: Blown off course

first_imgStay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Subscribe now for unlimited accesslast_img read more